Source Code

package go2curl

import (

// FromRequest generates a curl command that can be used when debugging issues
// encountered while executing requests. Be sure to capture your curl before
// you execute the request if you want to capture the post body.
func FromRequest(r *http.Request) string {
	ret := fmt.Sprintf("curl -v -X %s %s %s %s %s %s",
		getHeaders(r.Header, r.Host),
		ifSet(r.UserAgent(), fmt.Sprintf("--user-agent '%s'", r.UserAgent())),
		ifSet(r.Referer(), fmt.Sprintf("--referrer '%s'", r.Referer())),

	return ret

// FromParams is less useful than FromRequest because the structure of the
// request is likely in the http package call. Unlike a request value, we
// cannot use a response value as we do not have access to the url, method,
// or request body. If you used http.Post(), add a content-type header set to
// the bodyType parameter. If you used http.PostForm(), your content-type is set
// to "application/x-www-form-urlencoded".
func FromParams(method string, urlStr string, requestBody string, headers http.Header) string {
	ret := fmt.Sprintf("curl -v -X %s %s %s %s",
		getHeaders(headers, extractHost(urlStr)),
		ifSet(requestBody, fmt.Sprintf("-d '%s'", requestBody)))

	return ret

func extractHost(urlStr string) string {
	u, err := url.Parse(urlStr)
	if err != nil {
		return ""
	host, _, _ := net.SplitHostPort(u.Host)
	return host

func ifSet(condition string, passThrough string) string {
	if len(condition) == 0 {
		return ""
	return passThrough

func getRequestBody(r *http.Request) string {
	if r == nil || r.Body == nil {
		return ""
	b, err := ioutil.ReadAll(r.Body)
	if err != nil {
		return ""

	// copy and replace the reader
	readerCopy := ioutil.NopCloser(bytes.NewReader(b))
	readerReplace := ioutil.NopCloser(bytes.NewReader(b))
	r.Body = readerReplace

	data, err := ioutil.ReadAll(readerCopy)
	if err != nil {
		return ""

	if len(data) == 0 {
		return ""

	return fmt.Sprintf("-d '%s'", string(data))

func getHeaders(h http.Header, Host string) string {
	ret := ""
	for header, values := range h {
		for _, value := range values {
			if strings.ToLower(header) != "host" {
				ret += fmt.Sprintf(" --header '%s: %v'", header, value)
	// the request object does not allow overriding of the host header. one must say req.Host = "foo.bar"
	if Host != "" {
		ret += fmt.Sprintf(" --header '%s: %v'", "host", Host)

	return ret

Next Step:

Now we can generate a curl command based on an http.Request to be used for logging and debugging:

// create an http request
data := []byte(`{"key":"value"}`)
req, err := http.NewRequest("POST", "https://www.example.com", bytes.NewBuffer(data))
if err != nil {
    // handle err
req.Header.Add("X-Custom", "custom data")

curl := FromRequest(req)

// later, execute the request. On error, you can print curl to replicate and debug an issue

The generated curl command for this example would be:

curl -v -X POST --header 'X-Custom: custom data' https://www.example.com -d '{"key":"value"}'

With this, you can test integrations and dig deeper. I suggest placing the generated curl in every error handling case dealing with an http request.

Thanks to https://github.com/sethgrid/gencurl.